Wright Timeline 1890 to 1899

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  Wright Timeline     1890 to 1899 
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o invention, no scientific discovery, no work of art, no human endeavor happens in an historical vacuum. There are always other factors -- cultural, political, personal -- that influence the outcome of a single event. So it was with the invention of the airplane. When Wilbur and Orville were children, the abacus was the most advanced mathematical aid, influenza was an often-fatal disease, and the cannon was the most feared weapon of war. By the time Orville died, the first computers were just being built, antibiotics had begun to wipe out disease,  and the atomic bomb made war unthinkable. Many of these advances influenced the development of the airplane -- and the airplane, in turn, influenced further advances.

Here is chronology that shows not just the story of the Wright brothers, but also the world they lived in and the important political, cultural, and scientific events that loomed large in their lives. Click on the decade you want to see:

1860 to 1869
1870 to 1879
1880 to 1889
1890 to 1899
1900 to 1909
1910 to 1919
1920 to 1929
1930 to 1939
1940 to 1949
Note: For a detailed timeline that shows just the seven years (1899 to 1905) in which the Wright brothers invented the airplane, click HERE.


The Wright Story

The Bigger Picture

1890 Wilbur and Orville attempt to turn their weekly newspaper into a daily called The Evening Item. It fails after a few months and they return to printing.
Clement Ader of France makes a brief hop in a steam-powered, bat-wing airplane called the Eole.
1891     W. L. Judson patents the zipper, but it does not become popular for another twenty years. Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, a device to view motion pictures. The marks the beginning of the motion picture industry.
1892 Wilbur Wright begins to sell and repair bicycles, perhaps inspired by a huge gathering of the American Wheelmen that takes place in Dayton on July 4 and 5. Later, Orville joins him. They keep the printing business, letting childhood friend Ed Sines run it. Tchaikovsky performs The Nutcracker ballet and Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. James Naismith publishes the rules for basketball and the first official game is played in Springfield, Massachusetts. Biologist Dimitri Ivanovski discovers viruses.
1893 The Wright brothers visit the World's Colombian Exposition, aka the Chicago World's Fair. The fair hosts the International Conference on Aerial Navigation, a watershed event for aviation, but it's doubtful the Wrights attended.
Twenty-six million people visit the World's Colombian Exposition in Chicago, marveling at the progress and promise of  technology. The fair also introduces Americans to hamburgers and the Ferris Wheel. Henry Ford experiments with gasoline engines and begins to build an automobile.
1894     In England, Hiram Maxim builds a massive multi-wing "test rig" to test lifting surfaces. On a test run, it breaks free of its restraining track and flies for about 200 feet.
1895 The Wrights gear up to manufacture their own bicycles, the "St. Clair" and the "Van Cleve." The bike business is profitable.
Guglielmo Marconi transmits the first radio signals from an English post office. Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X-rays and Rudolf Diesel patents the diesel engine.
1896 The Wrights take an interest in the "flying problem" after hearing of the flight of Samuel Langley's unmanned "Aerodrome" and the death of glider pilot Otto Lilienthal.
The first modern Olympics are held in Athens, Greece. John Phillips Sousa composes The Stars and Stripes Forever and the United States Supreme Court introduces the "separate but equal" doctrine, upholding segregation.
1897     Fingerprints are used  to solve crimes, the Klondike Gold Rush begins in Alaska, and Bram Stoker writes Dracula.
1898     The United States goes to war with Spain, and Marie and Pierre Curie discover the first radioactive element, radium. Langley agrees to build a manned Aerodrome for the US Department of War for $50,000.
1899  Wilbur devises an aerodynamic control system for aircraft and builds a kite to test the concept.
The Bayer  pharmaceutical  company of Germany introduces aspirin. Spanish rule ends in Cuba, Ragtime music becomes popular, and the US Congress approves the use of voting machines for federal elections.

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